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Bipolar Disorder Treatment Centers

Sprout Health California can help you overcome and manage your bipolar disorder.

According to research from the National Institute of Mental Health, nearly 6 million American adults are diagnosed every year as having Bipolar disorder. Formerly known as manic depression, Bipolar disorder, has a median onset age of 25 years old, and is largely considered one of the world’s top six leading causes of disability. Bipolar disorder frequently and violently shifts the mood and energy levels of the affected individual, straining their ability to perform even daily activities.

Defining Bipolar Disorder

Bipolar DisorderThere are several criteria outlined by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorder, the help guide healthcare professionals in the accurate diagnosis of Bipolar disorder. The manual also outlines the four classifications of Bipolar disorder, while highlighting the three major types of Bipolar disorder, as well as, specifying the fourth type as one spurred by medical conditions, medication use, or illicit drug use. One main commonality between the many classifications is that the individual with the condition will exhibit alternating periods of mania and depression. Mania is characterized a period of excessive joy, while the depression aspect is characterized as extended periods of extreme sadness. Thus the name for the disorder was created, Bipolar, meaning two direct opposites in the same continuum.

Symptoms of Bipolar Disorders

There are many types of bipolar disorders, all with varying symptoms. The main symptom for Bipolar Type I is mania. Mania is described as experiencing long periods euphoria, most often it is coupled with delusions. The main symptom for Bipolar II is the depression. Depression is the exact opposite of mania and is classified as extended periods unhappy feelings and thoughts. Both type I and type II with have disbursements of the opposite type of feelings scattered between their major symptom. When it comes to hypomania and depression of lesser magnitudes, it is classified under cyclothymic disorder.

Symptoms typically expressed during a period of mania

  • Inflated self-esteem or ego
  • Unrealistic sense of superiority
  • Rapid thoughts
  • Distracted Easily
  • Less need for rest
  • Easily Agitated
  • Excessive and unusual talkativeness
  • Doing things regardless of the possibilities of disastrous consequences

Symptoms typically expressed during a period of depression

  • Frequently having an unhappy mood many days in a row
  • Lack of interest in previously enjoyable activities
  • Fluctuations in weight
  • Lack of appetite
  • Fluctuations in sleeping patterns, including excessive sleeping or insomnia
  • Fluctuations in motor skills
  • Feelings of decreased sense of self-worth
  • Lack the ability to make decisions
  • Lack the ability to concentrate or focus
  • Experiencing excessive guilt
  • Suicidal thoughts

The extent that daily living and normal activities is affected by these manic or depressive episodes is how the episodes are categorized. For instance, if a person is experiencing a manic episode, but they are able to manage it and continue working and functioning, it is called hypomania. If a person is experiencing a depression and they are able to continue daily activities, it’s considered minor depression, or a minor depressive episode. If either type of episode is so severe that the individual is no longer able to function properly the episode is either called a manic episode or a major depressive episode.

More possible symptoms of Bipolar are Psychoses, delusions, hallucinations, rapid cycling, melancholy, catatonia, and anxiety. It has also been found that Bipolar can also be experienced in a seasonal pattern.

Causes of Bipolar Disorders

There has been no conclusive evidence to explain the causes of Bipolar, however, there has been much speculation that it is caused by the imbalance of the level of neurotransmitters, as well as, other changes in the brain. One link researches have found is heredity, noting that having first-degree relatives that have been known to experience the disorder, makes an individual more likely to experience the disorder.

Treating Bipolar Disorders

Since Bipolar disorder is so closely linked with many other conditions, the individual must be carefully examined to see if there are any possible co-occurring conditions. Some of the most frequent co-occurring conditions with Bipolar disorder are substance abuse disorders, anxiety, disorders, and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), Cushing’s Syndrome, Stroke, and Multiple Sclerosis. All of these are linked to and have chances of causing Bipolar disorder.

Cognitive Behavioral TherapyTreatment will be determined by the extent of the Bipolar disorder has been affecting the individual living with it. Medications may be administered in order to give the individual the ability to begin regaining control of their disorder. Some medication options include antimanic agents, mood stabilizers, antidepressants, and antipsychotics. In combination with pharmacotherapy, individuals with Bipolar are also provided with a variety of psychotherapeutic modalities. These treatments can include Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT), Social Therapy, and Family-Focused therapy. Another important aspect of treatment is educating the individual on how to recognize shifts in mood, and how to properly address these shifts in order to keep them from spiraling out of control.

With thorough education, a supportive atmosphere, and proper treatment individuals suffering from Bipolar disorder will be able to overcome their symptoms, and live a fulfilling life.

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